As the surface of the earth was occupied and exploited, the traditional productive activities and others that man created, came to specialization; granting their own characteristics in the places they settled. Each activity tends to be located in the areas of the terrestrial space that are favorable to it – for example, the lumber industry where there are forests, or the oil industry mmc 996 on the deposits of this fluid, each of those spaces takes the name of the predominant activity, generating tourist spaces.
The existence of the tourist space is conditioned to the presence of tourist attractions. Sometimes the elements of tourism that globally considered make up the tourist plant of a country are far from the attractions (as in the case of the airport, a gas station, a motel, or a cafeteria located halfway), but most of them know.
The operation of the tourist space requires an administrative superstructure, made up of private company organizations and state agencies, which specialize in defining and harmonizing the set of norms and criteria that regulate the operational forms of the sector.
State agencies can be classified into the following groups:
- Specific organizations: At the national, provincial, regional, municipal level, and state companies.
- Organizations with indirect links to the tourism sector.
- Organizations with no ties to the tourism sector.
The only thing that differentiates them from a traditional city is that they have added, for example, an office or an address with some employees, which has little power and diffuse functions, and whose action in favor of the development of tourism and that the concern of the authorities, it is oriented to solve domestic problems. For this reason, in any municipality, the directions of public works or social welfare are more important than that of tourism, and in most decisions regarding the future of the city, the opinion on tourism is underestimated.
Tourist cities are similar to industrial cities in that both are productive, but they differ from them in four ways:
- – As the product of tourist cities belongs to the tertiary sector of the economy, the type of construction they require is completely different from factories, since many services work in office buildings and others, such as restaurants, sometimes do so in houses. For their part, the hotels, which are the most unique, occupy buildings that, if well designed, integrate easily with those of the rest of the city.
- – Tourism tends to be concentrated in the center of cities and, in many cases, revitalizes those urban areas, while the industry is located in the suburbs and generates a type of heavy traffic that requires its own circulation network interference with the normal movement of vehicles and people in the city.
- – In the case of tourism, it costs less money to generate employment. In the tourist cities, the employees predominate and in the industrial the workers. Since the patterns of social behavior make a pronounced difference in the consumption profile, comfort levels, type of clothing, degree of education, type of preferred housing, etc., between employees and workers, tourist cities are less exposed to the birth of precarious housing neighborhoods, depressed areas and areas of no aesthetic value than industrial cities.
In a crisis economy like ours, it is difficult to bring about the sudden change in its entirety, but it is possible to act promptly, improving the productivity of microsystems such as tourist centers, not by the easy route of land speculation, promoted by specialized companies and tolerated or promoted by the public power, but by increasing the efficiency of service providers and state control over the balance of the system.